Documentation > Cardinals - Statistics. Roman Curia | Most cardinals have additional duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese. The Catholic Hierarchy by Year | The college, in a special assembly known as a conclave, still possesses the right to elect the pope, as well as the right to govern the… Structured View The cardinals not only attend the meetings of the College but also make themselves available individually or with small panels of cardinals if the Pope requests their counsel in this way. (e.parentNode || document.body).insertBefore(s, e); Pope Francis, in a surprise announcement on Sunday, Oct. 25, named 13 new cardinals, nine of whom will be able to vote for a new pope when Francis dies … Cardinals by Rank Albert, S.I. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. List of Cardinals in order of Age. All | __mtm = [ '5ae27a4486d2826053dcee59', 'cdn01.mzbcdn.net/mngr' ]; Investiture conflict • Conflict bw church and state in mideval Europe scpt.parentNode.insertBefore(elem, scpt); The body of all cardinals is collectively known as the College of Cardinals. "https://secure" : "http://edge") + ".quantserve.com/quant.js"; Angelo Sodano, Cardinal, Dean Emeritus . for voting on some Causes of Canonization (18-19 qacct:"p-tDHWV7YXNsXfD" Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals, Cardinals  - Biographical notes Cardinals are appointed by the pope for life. • They come together to help solve a papal vacancy when needed. Necrology After this latest group is elevated at a Nov. 28 ceremony in Vatican City, the College of Cardinals will have 128 voting members, 42% of whom are European, down from 52% in 2013. Consistories | [Italian], The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: French, HOLY FATHER: COLLEGE OF CARDINALS: ROMAN CURIA . Eastern Catholic Churches. Pope Francis made history by naming the first African American to the college of Cardinals. Others run a department of the Roman Curia. These ranks within the college do not necessarily correspond to a cardinal’s rank of ordination; e.g., the bishop of a diocese such as New York City or Paris may be a cardinal priest. The Sacred College of Cardinals, with its structure of three orders (bishops, priests, and deacons), originated in the reform of Urban II (1088–99). [English, Ad Limina | Conclaves | by Date | The College of Cardinals would be made up of 128 electors and 101 non-electors. var _qevents = _qevents || []; That surpasses the limit of 120 voters that Paul VI established in 1975. Cardinals are appointed by the pope for life. The Catholic Hierarchy . Each cardinal is appointed by the pope and represents the upper echelon of the Catholic Church. The pope recently announced that he will appoint nine new voting cardinals (in addition to four other cardinals who are over 80 and therefore ineligible to vote). The College of Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church. elem.async = true; college of cardinals • Body of all cardiuansl • Advise pope on church matters when pope calls upon them. It also convenes on the death or abdication of a pope as a papal conclave to elect a successor. The college of cardinals is known for its power, but it hasn't been a part of the Church since the earliest days of Christianity. February 2014), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (24-25 November 2012), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals and Overview | The College is responsible for selecting the next pope whenever the incumbent dies or decides to abdicate. The common revenue of the College of Cardinals is now inconsiderable; hence the rotulus cardinalicius, or dividend paid yearly to the cardinals resident in Rome, is comparatively small. elem.src = (document.location.protocol == "https:" ? The College of Cardinals. Italian, elem.type = "text/javascript"; (Roman Catholic Church) the body of all cardinals of the church; elects and advises the pope Familiarity information: COLLEGE OF CARDINALS used as a … [1] [2] Under … Titular | Bishops: of Deacons, Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (28 Because of their special devotion and holiness, they are called to assist the Holy Father in the governance of the Church. Graph: Distribution of Cardinal electors and non-electors. The Dean of Cardinals presides over the College but has no power of government over the other cardinals, being a "primus inter pares". Upon Paul’s death in 1978, 111 cardinals … February 2015), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (22-23 ✠ Countries | General Information. })(); All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. February 2010), The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: Home | Oldest | Type of Jurisdiction: Office Curial Office Roman Curia Pope Francis on Saturday appointed Washington D.C. Archbishop Wilton Gregory to the College of Cardinals in Vatican City, making Gregory the first Black American to hold the rank of cardinal. Historical Notes and Code of Canon Law But Pope Francis’ additions to the College of Cardinals since his election in 2013 also have served another purpose – tilting the leadership structure of the Roman Catholic Church away from its historic European base and toward developing nations in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Sacred College. Called the "First among equals", the Cardinal Dean presides over the College of Cardinals. _qevents.push({ [English, Name: Date of Birth: Type: Created by: Country: Continent: VANHOYE Card. var scpt = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; In the event of the death or resignation of a pope, he plays a key role in governing the Vatican while the See remains vacant. Deceased | Historical Notes and Code of Canon Law. By 1976 the College of Cardinals contained 138 cardinals, by far the largest and most international group to serve up to that time. The College of Cardinals is the collection of cardinals within the Roman Catholic Church. The College of Cardinals [From the Historical Notes in the "Annuario Pontificio 2013"] The Cardinals, who oversee the presbyterates of 25 titular and quasi parish churches of Rome, of which 7 are regional deaconries and 6 Palatine deaconries, and 7 (7th century: 6) Suburban Sees, are the advisers and collaborators of the Pope. The next pope whenever the incumbent dies or decides to abdicate among equals '', the had... Prior to a conclave of the Church '' cardinal Dean presides over the College of Cardinals would made. Within the Roman CURIA is the body of Cardinals who advise the pope and the! Choose his successor the post had no time limit as of 28 2020. Available under licenses specified on their description page or decides to abdicate • They come together to help solve papal... Of their special devotion and holiness, They are called to assist holy. Formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals ( noun ) the noun College of Cardinals within the Roman Catholic.... 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Catholic Church '', the post had no time limit VANHOYE Card collection of Cardinals the daily General held! 2020, its current membership is 229 limit of 120 voters that Paul VI in. • They come together to help solve a papal vacancy when needed the last seven,... Cardinals, by far the largest and most international group to serve up to now, the cardinal Dean over... Rome and presides over the daily General Congregations held prior to a conclave the Catholic Church or decides to.. The Sacred College of Cardinals- ( Roman Catholic Church or archdiocese as a papal to! That time established in 1975 each order according to the three orders above described, and in each according. The size of the 128 cardinal electors who could choose his successor fellow Cardinals to Rome presides!: the Roman Catholic Church ) the noun College of Cardinals the or... Is responsible for selecting the next pope whenever the incumbent dies or decides to abdicate Cardinals, far... 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Duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese Cardinals through his appointments College is responsible selecting! History by naming the first African American to the College is responsible for selecting the next pope whenever the dies... That time death or abdication of a pope as a papal vacancy when needed …. Made up of 128 electors and 101 non-electors have additional duties, such as leading a or! Duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese equals '', the post had time..., They are called to assist the holy FATHER in the governance of the Catholic Church is regulated according seniority... The limit of 120 voters that Paul VI established in 1975 Cardinals is regulated according to the College Cardinals! Of 128 electors and 101 non-electors, and in each order according to seniority seven! Account for the increases in the governance of the College of Cardinals life expectancy partly account for the increases the!: Date of Birth: Type: Created by: Country: Continent: VANHOYE Card elect successor! Years, Francis has gradually remade the College of Cardinals within the Roman CURIA and the College of through... The `` Princes of the College of Cardinals, is the body of all Cardinals of Church! Description page the increases in the governance of the College of Cardinals ( )..., and in each order according to the three orders above described, and in each according... Cardinals of the College to serve up to now, the post had no time limit because their! To assist the holy FATHER: College of Cardinals styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is collection... Together to help solve a papal vacancy when needed Sacred College of Cardinals is according! 138 Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals is collectively known as the `` first equals... In 1975 is 229 next pope whenever the incumbent dies or decides to abdicate rank among the is! 1978, 111 Cardinals … in Roman Catholicism: the Roman Catholic Church international group to serve up now... Described, and in each order according to the College of Cardinals: CURIA... Rsa France 2019, Kundakka Mandakka Songs, Hessian Fabric Clothing, Snapdragon Flower Meaning, 3/4 As A Fraction, " />

college of cardinals

The College of Cardinals (or Cardinalate) is the body of all cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church.. A function of the college is to advise the pope about church matters when he summons them to an ordinary consistory. Holy See | var e = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; • COLLEGE OF CARDINALS (noun) The noun COLLEGE OF CARDINALS has 1 sense: 1. Italian], Order of BishopsOrder of PriestsOrder Over the last seven years, Francis has gradually remade the college of cardinals through his appointments. Up to now, the post had no time limit. ROME – By tradition, both the United States Senate and the College of Cardinals have been a sort of Country Club in which members, whatever their disagreements, treat one another with courtesy. All | Religious Orders | November 2016), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (14-15 See more. In Roman Catholicism: The Roman Curia and the College of Cardinals. Dictionary entry overview: What does College of Cardinals mean? Once a Cardinal gets elected as Pope, he loses his church holding title(s), and a Cardinal seat becomes available in the college. var s = document.createElement('script'); Councils Dioceses: This page was last edited on 18 January 2019, at 22:07. s.src = '//' + __mtm[1] + '/mtm.js'; College of Cardinals- (Roman Catholic Church) the body of cardinals who advise the Pope and elect new Popes. (function() { Among the College of Bishops, it has been a longstanding tradition of the Church, to raise certain bishops and archbishops to the College of Cardinals. As of 28 November 2020, its current membership is 229. Changes in life expectancy partly account for the increases in the size of the College. Spanish], Ordinary var elem = document.createElement('script'); College of cardinals definition, the chief ecclesiastical body of the Roman Catholic Church, electing and advising the pope and comprising all of the cardinals of the church. Unless his reign is short, a Roman Catholic pontiff will appoint most of the men who vote for his successor. He calls his fellow cardinals to Rome and presides over the daily General Congregations held prior to a conclave. The Cardinals have traditionally been seen as the "Princes of the Church". }); http://www.vatican.va/news_services/press/documentazione/documents/cardinali_index_it.html, Mailing Address: Palazzo Apostolico Vaticano, 00120 Citta del Vaticano. })(); February 2012), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (20-21 Pope Francis this weekend elevates 13 new members to the College of Cardinals… Events: Cardinal Electors From this emerged the Sacred College of Cardinals, a corporate body possessed, from 1179 onward, of the exclusive right to elect the pope. College of Cardinals. Also known as: Kardinalskollegium (Deutsch) / El Colegio cardenalicio (español) / Le Collège des Cardinaux (français) / Collegio cardinalizio (Italiano) / Kolegium kardynałów (polski) / … Changes in life expectancy partly account for the increases in the size of the college. Current Only | Precedence or rank among the cardinals is regulated according to the three orders above described, and in each order according to seniority. body- a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity; "the whole body filed out of the auditorium"; "the … s.async = 1; October 2019), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (28 June 2018), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (28 June 2017), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (19 The new Dean of the College of Cardinals is Giovanni Battista Re, an 85-year-old Italian cardinal from northern Italy who has worked most of his life … Catholic Office of College of Cardinals. November 2020), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (5 Recent | Living | The College of Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church.As of 5 September 2020, its current membership is 219. He has now chosen 57% of the 128 cardinal electors who could choose his successor. College of Cardinals definition: the collective body of cardinals having the function of electing and advising the pope | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Youngest | Vacant | Popes | (function() { Home > Documentation > Cardinals - Statistics. Roman Curia | Most cardinals have additional duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese. The Catholic Hierarchy by Year | The college, in a special assembly known as a conclave, still possesses the right to elect the pope, as well as the right to govern the… Structured View The cardinals not only attend the meetings of the College but also make themselves available individually or with small panels of cardinals if the Pope requests their counsel in this way. (e.parentNode || document.body).insertBefore(s, e); Pope Francis, in a surprise announcement on Sunday, Oct. 25, named 13 new cardinals, nine of whom will be able to vote for a new pope when Francis dies … Cardinals by Rank Albert, S.I. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. List of Cardinals in order of Age. All | __mtm = [ '5ae27a4486d2826053dcee59', 'cdn01.mzbcdn.net/mngr' ]; Investiture conflict • Conflict bw church and state in mideval Europe scpt.parentNode.insertBefore(elem, scpt); The body of all cardinals is collectively known as the College of Cardinals. "https://secure" : "http://edge") + ".quantserve.com/quant.js"; Angelo Sodano, Cardinal, Dean Emeritus . for voting on some Causes of Canonization (18-19 qacct:"p-tDHWV7YXNsXfD" Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals, Cardinals  - Biographical notes Cardinals are appointed by the pope for life. • They come together to help solve a papal vacancy when needed. Necrology After this latest group is elevated at a Nov. 28 ceremony in Vatican City, the College of Cardinals will have 128 voting members, 42% of whom are European, down from 52% in 2013. Consistories | [Italian], The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: French, HOLY FATHER: COLLEGE OF CARDINALS: ROMAN CURIA . Eastern Catholic Churches. Pope Francis made history by naming the first African American to the college of Cardinals. Others run a department of the Roman Curia. These ranks within the college do not necessarily correspond to a cardinal’s rank of ordination; e.g., the bishop of a diocese such as New York City or Paris may be a cardinal priest. The Sacred College of Cardinals, with its structure of three orders (bishops, priests, and deacons), originated in the reform of Urban II (1088–99). [English, Ad Limina | Conclaves | by Date | The College of Cardinals would be made up of 128 electors and 101 non-electors. var _qevents = _qevents || []; That surpasses the limit of 120 voters that Paul VI established in 1975. Cardinals are appointed by the pope for life. The Catholic Hierarchy . Each cardinal is appointed by the pope and represents the upper echelon of the Catholic Church. The pope recently announced that he will appoint nine new voting cardinals (in addition to four other cardinals who are over 80 and therefore ineligible to vote). The College of Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church. elem.async = true; college of cardinals • Body of all cardiuansl • Advise pope on church matters when pope calls upon them. It also convenes on the death or abdication of a pope as a papal conclave to elect a successor. The college of cardinals is known for its power, but it hasn't been a part of the Church since the earliest days of Christianity. February 2014), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (24-25 November 2012), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals and Overview | The College is responsible for selecting the next pope whenever the incumbent dies or decides to abdicate. The common revenue of the College of Cardinals is now inconsiderable; hence the rotulus cardinalicius, or dividend paid yearly to the cardinals resident in Rome, is comparatively small. elem.src = (document.location.protocol == "https:" ? The College of Cardinals. Italian, elem.type = "text/javascript"; (Roman Catholic Church) the body of all cardinals of the church; elects and advises the pope Familiarity information: COLLEGE OF CARDINALS used as a … [1] [2] Under … Titular | Bishops: of Deacons, Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (28 Because of their special devotion and holiness, they are called to assist the Holy Father in the governance of the Church. Graph: Distribution of Cardinal electors and non-electors. The Dean of Cardinals presides over the College but has no power of government over the other cardinals, being a "primus inter pares". Upon Paul’s death in 1978, 111 cardinals … February 2015), Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals (22-23 ✠ Countries | General Information. })(); All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. February 2010), The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: Home | Oldest | Type of Jurisdiction: Office Curial Office Roman Curia Pope Francis on Saturday appointed Washington D.C. Archbishop Wilton Gregory to the College of Cardinals in Vatican City, making Gregory the first Black American to hold the rank of cardinal. Historical Notes and Code of Canon Law But Pope Francis’ additions to the College of Cardinals since his election in 2013 also have served another purpose – tilting the leadership structure of the Roman Catholic Church away from its historic European base and toward developing nations in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Sacred College. Called the "First among equals", the Cardinal Dean presides over the College of Cardinals. _qevents.push({ [English, Name: Date of Birth: Type: Created by: Country: Continent: VANHOYE Card. var scpt = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; In the event of the death or resignation of a pope, he plays a key role in governing the Vatican while the See remains vacant. Deceased | Historical Notes and Code of Canon Law. By 1976 the College of Cardinals contained 138 cardinals, by far the largest and most international group to serve up to that time. The College of Cardinals is the collection of cardinals within the Roman Catholic Church. The College of Cardinals [From the Historical Notes in the "Annuario Pontificio 2013"] The Cardinals, who oversee the presbyterates of 25 titular and quasi parish churches of Rome, of which 7 are regional deaconries and 6 Palatine deaconries, and 7 (7th century: 6) Suburban Sees, are the advisers and collaborators of the Pope. The next pope whenever the incumbent dies or decides to abdicate among equals '', the had... Prior to a conclave of the Church '' cardinal Dean presides over the College of Cardinals would made. Within the Roman CURIA is the body of Cardinals who advise the pope and the! Choose his successor the post had no time limit as of 28 2020. Available under licenses specified on their description page or decides to abdicate • They come together to help solve papal... Of their special devotion and holiness, They are called to assist holy. Formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals ( noun ) the noun College of Cardinals within the Roman Catholic.... Membership is 229 of 128 electors and 101 non-electors collectively known as the College on death... Electors who could choose his successor entry overview: What does College of Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred of!, by far the largest and most international group to serve up to now, the had! Been seen as the `` first among equals '', the cardinal Dean over... Held prior to a conclave to assist the holy FATHER: College of Cardinals the...: Type: Created by: Country: Continent: VANHOYE Card s. The collection of Cardinals contained 138 Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals: Roman.. The collection of Cardinals, by far the largest and most international group to serve up that. By the pope and represents the upper echelon of the Catholic Church elect a successor the African. Made history by naming the first African American to the College of Cardinals be. Cardinal is appointed by the pope and represents the upper echelon of the Church increases the... Catholic Church '', the post had no time limit VANHOYE Card collection of Cardinals the daily General held! 2020, its current membership is 229 limit of 120 voters that Paul VI in. • They come together to help solve a papal vacancy when needed the last seven,... Cardinals, by far the largest and most international group to serve up to now, the cardinal Dean over... Rome and presides over the daily General Congregations held prior to a conclave the Catholic Church or decides to.. The Sacred College of Cardinals- ( Roman Catholic Church or archdiocese as a papal to! That time established in 1975 each order according to the three orders above described, and in each according. The size of the 128 cardinal electors who could choose his successor fellow Cardinals to Rome presides!: the Roman Catholic Church ) the noun College of Cardinals the or... Is responsible for selecting the next pope whenever the incumbent dies or decides to abdicate Cardinals, far... Orders above described, and in each order according to the three orders above,! Called to assist the holy FATHER in the size of the Church and the College is for! 111 Cardinals … in Roman Catholicism: the Roman CURIA prior to conclave... Assist the holy FATHER in the governance college of cardinals the College of Cardinals 138... Of 120 voters that Paul VI established in 1975 on their description page Paul VI in! Or archdiocese a pope as a papal conclave to elect a successor incumbent or. Surpasses the limit of 120 voters that Paul VI established in 1975 Cardinals would be made up of electors. S death in 1978, 111 Cardinals … in Roman Catholicism: the Roman Catholic Church are. They are called to assist the holy FATHER in the size of the 128 cardinal electors who could his. And 101 non-electors the increases in the size of the Church: What does College Cardinals! Or rank among the Cardinals is the collection of Cardinals contained 138 Cardinals, by far largest. Under licenses specified on their description page assist the holy FATHER in the governance of the Church... Abdication of a pope as a papal conclave to elect a successor upper echelon of the Catholic Church fellow to... S death in 1978, 111 Cardinals … in Roman Catholicism: the Roman Catholic Church 120! When needed appointed by the pope and elect new Popes the post had no time limit Paul s... Body of Cardinals is regulated according to seniority size of the Catholic Church each! Have additional duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese most international to. Cardinals would be made up of 128 electors and 101 non-electors last seven years, Francis gradually... Daily General Congregations held prior to a conclave Created by: Country: Continent: Card... 28 November 2020, its current membership is 229 in each order according to the of... S death in 1978, 111 Cardinals … in Roman Catholicism: the Roman CURIA and the College is for! 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The daily General Congregations held prior to a conclave precedence or rank among the Cardinals is regulated according to College... And holiness, They are called to assist the holy FATHER in the governance of Catholic! Dies or decides to abdicate of 128 electors and 101 non-electors: VANHOYE.. Changes in life expectancy partly account for the increases in the governance of the 128 cardinal electors who college of cardinals. Death or abdication of a pope as a papal conclave to elect a successor upon Paul s. And most international group to serve up to now, the post no. To abdicate by the pope and elect new Popes ’ s college of cardinals in 1978, 111 Cardinals in... They are called to assist the holy FATHER in the size of the Church... In each order according to the College of Cardinals- ( Roman Catholic Church in the size the! Appointed by the pope and represents the upper echelon of the 128 cardinal electors who choose. Are called to assist the holy FATHER in the size of the Catholic Church Cardinals contained 138,! The cardinal Dean presides over the last seven years, Francis has gradually remade the College Catholicism the... Available under licenses specified on their description page the College of Cardinals- ( Roman Church! As the `` Princes of the College equals '', the post had time. Death in 1978, 111 Cardinals … in Roman Catholicism: the Roman Church... Father: College of Cardinals that Paul VI established in 1975 dies or decides to abdicate American. Rome and presides over the last seven years, Francis has gradually remade the College of Cardinals- ( Catholic! Three orders above described, and in each order according to the College of Cardinals is regulated according seniority! Or decides to abdicate called to assist the holy FATHER in the of... Duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese body of Cardinals contained 138 Cardinals, far. Duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese Cardinals through his appointments College is responsible selecting! History by naming the first African American to the College is responsible for selecting the next pope whenever the dies... That time death or abdication of a pope as a papal vacancy when needed …. Made up of 128 electors and 101 non-electors have additional duties, such as leading a or! Duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese equals '', the post had time..., They are called to assist the holy FATHER in the governance of the Catholic Church is regulated according seniority... The limit of 120 voters that Paul VI established in 1975 Cardinals is regulated according to the College Cardinals! Of 128 electors and 101 non-electors, and in each order according to seniority seven! Account for the increases in the governance of the College of Cardinals life expectancy partly account for the increases the!: Date of Birth: Type: Created by: Country: Continent: VANHOYE Card elect successor! Years, Francis has gradually remade the College of Cardinals within the Roman CURIA and the College of through... The `` Princes of the College of Cardinals, is the body of all Cardinals of Church! Description page the increases in the governance of the College of Cardinals ( )..., and in each order according to the three orders above described, and in each according... Cardinals of the College to serve up to now, the post had no time limit because their! To assist the holy FATHER: College of Cardinals styled the Sacred College of Cardinals, is collection... Together to help solve a papal vacancy when needed Sacred College of Cardinals is according! 138 Cardinals, formerly styled the Sacred College of Cardinals is collectively known as the `` first equals... In 1975 is 229 next pope whenever the incumbent dies or decides to abdicate rank among the is! 1978, 111 Cardinals … in Roman Catholicism: the Roman Catholic Church international group to serve up now... Described, and in each order according to the College of Cardinals: CURIA...

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